DIABETES MELLITUS Diagnosis And Treatment

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Diabetes Mellitus


Diabetes Mellitus: the Chronic condition that affects the body ability to use the energy found in the food.

World Health Organization (WHO) defined diabetes mellitus: is a chronic disease caused by inherited and/or acquired deficiency in production of insulin by the pancreas, or by the ineffectiveness of the insulin produced. Such a deficiency results in increased concentrations of glucose in the blood

They are three types of Diabetes Mellitus:

1) Diabetes Mellitus type1

(Insulin Dependent) or Called Juvenile-Onset Diabetes: in which no insulin is produced by the pancreas or very little.

(Insulin Dependent) or Called Juvenile-Onset Diabetes: in which no insulin is produced by the pancreas or very little.

2) Diabetes Mellitus type 2

(non-Insulin Dependent Insulin ): is a long-term metabolic disorder that is characterized by insulin resistance, relative lack of insulin and high blood sugar.

3) Gestational Diabetes

• Diabetes Mellitus type1

This type often begins in childhood and considers an autoimmune condition. It’s caused by the body attacking its own pancreas with antibodies. That lead to pancreas damage and not be able to produce insulin.

How is type 1 diabetes diagnosed?

A1C TEST: the A1C test result reflects your average blood sugar level for three months ago. this test is recommended by most endocrinologists as well as some other diagnostic tests for diabetes.


  • Inject insulin throw skin using a syringe.
  • Insulin Pens.
  • Insulin pumps that dispense insulin through flexible tubing to a catheter under the skin of the abdomen.

• Diabetes Mellitus type 2

There is no cure for DM II but will be controlled by nutrition, exercise,  weight management, and medication.

What are the first signs of type 2 diabetes?

  • frequent urination
  • increased thirst
  • increased hunger
  • and weight loss
  • blurry vision
  • feeling tired
  • poor wound healing

How is type 2 diabetes diagnosed?

  • This type affects adult, Obese and overweight kids.
  • In this type, the pancreas usually produces some insulin. But either the amount produced is not enough for the body’s needs.
  • Lack of sensitivity to insulin.
  • Insulin resistance.

A1C test.

The A1C test is typically done a few times a year to see how well diet, exercise, and medications are working.

• Gestational Diabetes

Diabetes that’s triggered by pregnancy.

It is often diagnosed in middle or late pregnancy. Because high blood sugar levels in a mother are circulated through the placenta to the baby.

Gestational diabetes usually resolves itself after pregnancy. Having gestational diabetes does, however, put mothers at risk of developing type 2 diabetes later in life.

What are the warning signs of gestational diabetes?

The symptoms vary from one woman to another in terms of existence or severity.

  • Feeling thirsty
  • Being tired
  • Having a dry mouth
  • The presence of sugar in the urine where it is naturally not present
  • Frequent urination and recurrent urinary tract infections


  • Meal planning to ensure adequate pregnancy nutrients without excess fat and calories.
  • Daily exercise.
  • Controlling weight gain.
  • Taking diabetes insulin to control blood sugar levels if needed.


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